Parenting is one of the key factors in shaping one’s personality. It’s quite a common saying that “must have been taught at home or learnt at school” when a kid behaves a certain way. Not surprisingly, most adult behavioral patterns also have their roots in childhood, highly influenced by their parenting. For example, when one is avoidant of the partner, it usually stems from being abandoned by a parent or a guardian who acts as a parent figure.
This hypothesis is based on Bowlby & Ainsworth’s Attachment Theory (1991), which proposes that early childhood experiences have a profound impact on adult romantic and interpersonal relationships.
A lot of research has been done on the topic as it evokes huge amounts of curiosity and utility. The utility is so as schools, colleges , both educational and parental institutes find research in the area instrumental in planning their developmental curriculum.
Certain set parenting styles have been propounded.
One of the most known among the same is Baumrind’s classification of parenting styles as Authoritative, Authoritarian, Neglectful and Permissive.
Various researches have also been laid to ascertain the efficacy of the same on child development, later impact on personality, also their correlation with anxiety and depression (Rapee. 1997).
Authoritative Parenting Style involves warmth and control from parents towards their child or children. It is said to have positive outcomes as the children feel heard and follow the rules laid down by parents.
Authoritarian Parenting Style is compared to Military Style wherein the parent acts as a figure of authority and is meant to be intimidating. The child fears communicating one's thoughts and feelings and wishes to the parent.
Neglectful Parenting involves neglect of the kid. This type of parenting has been noticed to elicit attention seeking behavior in the child.
Permissive Parenting is the one wherein the Parent says “no” to nothing and the child becomes a brat as a result.
It has been noted that Neglectful Parenting has the most negative impact on child development and Authoritative Parenting the most Positive. As the child knows clear boundaries of right and wrong behavior in Authoritative Parenting so the child has a relatively clear sense of good and bad behavior directed by parents which then matures into a self laid well-defined set of rules. However, in Neglectful Parenting Style, the child is not paid attention to, doesn’t know which behavior of theirs has evoked such a reaction of neglect of the parent. Maternal neglect has been associated with high rates of delinquency and vandalism in adolescents.
Authoritarian Parenting has mo